90-year history of the Department of Physics, biophysics and medical physics.
Nowadays, Medical and Biological Physics, which are taught in disciplines of medical universities of the country, include "Medical work", "Pediatric work", "Vocational education", "Dental work", "Medical-preventive work", "Medical biological work", Pharmaceuticals”,“ Higher Nursing ”and“ Folk Medicine ”play an important role in training specialists.
In 1930, the Uzbek State Medical Institute (UZMI) was founded. Classes began on September 1, 1930. In the first year of the institute's existence, classes were held at five theoretical departments (anatomy, biology, histology, physics, chemistry) and the department of languages. Lectures on physics were then read by Docent G.S. Kuznetsov to students. Until 1937, lectures and practical classes were conducted by the teachers of the Samarkand State University.
Kuznetsov Grigory Sergeevich was born in 1896 in the city of Saratov. In 1919 he graduated from the medical faculty of Saratov University. In 1919-1922, he participated in the Civil War. From 1922 to 1932, he worked as a radiologist in the city of Samarkand. Beginning in 1932, he began his activity at the Samarkand Medical Institute as the head of the department of physics, associate professor, and later opened a course in radiology, and until 1985 was in charge of this course. He died in 1986 in Samarkand.
From 1938 to 1942, the head of the department was DocentV.V. Pismenniy. Thanks to the initiative of DocentV.V. Pismenniy and assistant Sivolapov at the department in the same year a laboratory was organized, where students went to a full workshop. Students were taught by A.A. Kochnev, R.I. Sivolapov, A. Yu. Yusupov and others. In 1942, the head of the department was temporarily entrusted to Prof. A.M. Titov. In 1944, in connection with the departure of Professor A.M. Titov, DocentA.N. Tekuchev was temporarily invited. And from 1945 to 1954, the department was again headed by DocentV.V. Pismenniy. In 1945-1947, in addition to the already named employees, A.N. Tekuchev and Sh.Kh. Saidukov worked at the department, and V.V. Pismenniy.
Pismenniy Vladimir Vasilievich was born in 1886 in Tiflis. In 1908, he graduated from the Physics Department of Moscow State University. In 1909-1927, he worked in a secondary school. From 1927 to 1933, he was an assistant at the physics department of the 1st Samarkand Pedagogical Academy, in 1935-1954 he worked at the physics department of the Samarkand Medical Institute as an assistant, and then as an assistant professor and head of the department. He died in the city of Samarkand 1956.
From 1954 to 1987, the Department of Medical and Biological Physics was headed by docent R.M. Malikov.
Malikov Rasul Malikovich was born in the village "Tezguzar" of the Shafirkan district of the Bukhara region. From 1947 to 1952, he studied at the Physics Department of SamSU. In 1968, he defended his thesis for the degree of candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, at a specialized scientific council at the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP) of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In 1970, he received the title of docent.
Gradually, the department began to expand, the staff increased and there were many changes. During this period, A.L. Lutfullaev, M.F. Babak, R.U. Muslimova, N.A. Yusupova, Sh.A. Aripov, Art. laboratory assistant Federmesser and laboratory assistant M. Surovtsev.
Already in the 1930s, a certain scientific research work was carried out at the physics department of SamMI. Theoretical aspects of heliodrying fruits and various methods of passing radiation through glass slopes were developed (Assoc. Prof. VV Pismenny). At about the same time, A.N. Tekucheva "On the absorption capacity of some metals, depending on their surface." In subsequent years, the author presented materials that help to solve practical problems on the basis of the relationship established by him between the effective intrinsic and reflected radiation.
It should be emphasized that one of the first major works carried out at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan was the study of R.M. Malikov. It is devoted to the development and application of the neutron activation method for the determination of various trace elements in biological fluids and tissues. The significance of this radioactivation method has especially increased in recent years, when it has gained wide acceptance not only among analysts, but also among physicians and biologists. A.L. Lutfullaev studied the working conditions of medical personnel in X-ray rooms, radiological departments, medical institutions in Samarkand, M.F. Babak assessed the biological effect of ultraviolet rays.
Since 1968, associate professor M.R.Malikov began to replenish the department with young specialists such as Sodikov Naim Ochilovich (1968), Umarov Kuchim Umarovich (1969), Abraev Chori Abraevich (1970), Khalikov UbaydulloKhachikovich (1971), etc. During 1970 -1980 Assoc. Malikov R.M., Sodikov N.O., KhalikovU.Kh. carried out work to determine the amount of micro and macro elements, as well as the physical properties of blood vessels and musculature of the heart, as a result of these works, they presented reports in conferences and published the results in various collections as scientific articles. In 1981 Sh.A. Aripov defended his thesis for the degree of candidate of biological sciences in Ashgabat. He, together with the staff of the central scientific laboratory of the institute and the department of pathological physiology, conducted research work on the direction of the action of radiation in the blood of dogs in the conditions of the city of Samarkand.
Sh.A. Aripov was born in 1937 in the Dzhambay region. In 1961 he graduated from the Physics Department of SamSU. Since 1964 he has been an assistant at the Department of Medical and Biological Physics of SamMI, 1970 is a senior teacher of the department. In 1982, he was a candidate of biological sciences, from 1983 to 1987, associate Professor of the Department, and from 1988 to 1995, Head of the Department of Medical and Biological Physics of SamMI and he was the author of over 60 scientific, educational, methodological, popular science articles. In 1980-1990, 6 members of the department defended their Ph.D. theses in the central cities of the country.
Including Sodikov N.O., after completing an extramural postgraduate study in 1985 at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, he defended his Ph.D. thesis on the topic: "Diffraction processes at small transmitted impulses in the two-gluon exchange model." Sodikov N.O. in his scientific research carried out some work on two-quark and three-quark systems, born approximations in quantum chromodynamics, on exclusive and inclusive diffraction. The results were presented at the XX International Conference on High Energy Physics (Paris, 1982), reported at scientific sessions of the Nuclear Physics Academy of Sciences (Moscow, 1982-1983), scientific seminars of DLNP JINR (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research). In subsequent years (1988-1992) head. Department of Associate Professor Sh.A. Aripov and Assoc. N.O.Sodikov, in order to improve the scientific and methodological activities of the department, made reports at conferences of the teaching staff of the departments of physics of medical universities and agricultural universities with the participation of representatives of Central Asia and Kazakhstan.
K.U. Umarov in the city of Moscow in 1983 ,O.N. Normurodov in 1985 in Chelyabinsk, in 1989 Moscow,M.A. Abdurakhmonov, in 1990, Krasnoyarsk U.Kh. Holikov defended their Ph.D. theses. Over the past three decades, the scientific potential of the department has increased dramatically. From 1975 to 1992,Ph.D., senior lecturer Niyazova Z.I., Ph.D., senior lecturer Suyunov U.Kh., Ph.D., associate professor Eshpulatov B.E worked at the department.
In 1996-1997, the department was divided into two courses: the course "Medical and biological physics" and the course "Computer technology". On the course "Medical and Biological Physics", Associate Professor Sh.A. Aripov, associate professor N.O. Sodikov, ass. W.H. Kholikov. In 1998, on November 12, the department was restored again and was named "Biophysics and Computer Engineering". By order of the rector, associate professor N.O.Sodikov was appointed head of the department. In August 1999, on a competitive basis, Associate Professor N.O.Sodikov was elected head of the Department of Biophysics and Computer Engineering. Sodikov N.O. was born on June 8, 1945 in the village "Tezguzar" of the Shafrik region of Bukhara region. In 1951-1961. studied at the secondary school named after A. Navoi, Kiziltepa district, Bukhara region. In 1961, he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of the Bukhara State Pedagogical Institute (now Bukhara State University), which he graduated in 1966. From November 1966 to January 1968 , he served in the ranks of the Armed Forces, in the cities of Novgorod-Volynsky and Kremenets of the Ukrainian Republic and has the military rank ofreserve captain.
From August 25, 1968 Sodikov N.O. started his career as an assistant at the Department of Medical and Biological Physics of the Samarkand State Medical Institute. In 1981-1984, he studied in absentia in the postgraduate course of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In 1985, he defended his thesis for the degree of candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. In 1990, senior lecturer, in 1992, associate professor of the Department of Medical and Biological Physics. During his activity at SamMI, N.O. Sodikov published about 194 scientific articles, of which 38 scientific articles have been published over the past 5 years. The total number of methodological articles - 45, teaching aids - 22.
Sodikov N.O. was awarded the badge of the State Committee for Higher Education "For excellent success in work in the field of higher education of the USSR" in 1990,the medal "For the 15th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan"in 2006, andthe badge "For the 25th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic Uzbekistan " in 2017. During his career, he received a number of state awards. In particular, in 1990, he was awarded the badge "For achievements in work", in 2006 - the badge of the 15th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in 2017 - the badge of the 25th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in 2020 - the Badge of distinction of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of healthcare , 2002 - Certificate of honor of the Governor of the Samarkand region Sh. Mirziyayev, 2006 - Certificate of honor of the Khokim of Samarkand S.G. Rafikova, 2015 - Healthcare of the Republic of Uzbekistan and certificate of honor of the Minister of Health Alimov A.V., badge of the 30th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2021.
In 2001, the number of members of the department reached 16 people, including 5 technical workers. In 2002, the staffing of the department was as follows: Head of the department, Ph.D., Assoc. N.O.Sodikov, Ph.D., Assoc. K.U. Umarov, Ph.D., senior lecturer U.Kh. Kholikov, Ph.D., senior lecturer M.A. Abdurakhmanov, Ph.D., senior lecturer B.N. Burkhonov, teacher V.V. Korneva, teacher Sh.U. Urakov, teacher U. Kurbanova, teacher A.A. Usarov, laboratory assistant M. Kakhkharov, engineer R. Toshpulatov, senior laboratory assistant F. Molopova, laboratory assistants S. Adilova and D. Kholbutaeva.
In October 2002, a young teacher of the department A.A.Usarov entered the target postgraduate study at the Physics and Technology Institute of the Scientific and Production Association "Physics-Sun" of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. On April 29, 2008 he successfully defended his Ph.D. thesis for the degree of candidate of physical and mathematical sciences.
During this time, the department conducted work in accordance with the Law "On Education" and "National Program for Personnel Training" of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In September 2004, the department consisted of the following full-time employees: head. Department of Ph.D., Assoc. Sodikov N.O., Ph.D., associate professors R.M. Malikov, K.U. Umarov, U.Kh. Kholikov, Ph.D., senior teacher O.N. Normurodov, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Acting Assoc. M.R.Malikov, Ph.D., senior teacher B.N. Burkhonov, senior teacher Sh.U. Urokov, teacher S. Abdullaeva, teacher and senior laboratory assistant U. Kurbanova, as well as laboratory assistant D Khalilova.
For various reasons, the teachers of the department moved to another job or enrolled in studies: Assoc. Abdurakhmonov M.A. - Director of the Academic Lyceum No. 1 at SamSU, Usarov AA - post-graduate student of the Scientific Research Institute of Physics and Technology of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, engineer R. Toshpulatov and M. Kakhkharov in the regional department for the provision of computer technology in educational institutions.
December 6, 2004 at the Academic Council of the Institute Assoc. N.O Sodikov was re-elected as the head of the department "Biophysics, Informatics and Information Technologies" unanimously for a period of 5 years until December 2009 (Order of the rector of SamMI No. 707 of December 10, 2004).
In connection with an increase in the number of 1st year students and an increase in the study load, on January 19, 2005, two departments were organized: "Medical and biological physics, medical technology and new medical technologies" and the department "Informatics and information technology", and from March 1, 2005, the department again merged and became known as "Informatics and information technology with a course in medical and biological physics, medical technology and new medical technologies."
In 2005, the course "Medical and biological physics, medical technology and new medical technologies" consisted of the following members: Head. the course was appointed by Ph.D., associate professor N.O. Sodikov, Ph.D., associate professor R.M. Malikov, Ph.D., associate professor Umarov K.U ., Ph.D., senior teacher Normuradov O.N., Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Art. Rev. Burkhonov B.N., teacher Kurbanova U.K. (at the same time 0.5 rate of senior laboratory. Department), laboratory assistant Khalilova D.T., laboratory assistant Saidmuradova G.T. In total, the department had 8 employees.
In September 2008, the course "Medical and biological physics, medical technology and new medical technologies" consisted of the following members: Head. course Ph.D., Assoc. Sodikov N.O., Ph.D., Assoc. R.M. Malikov, Ph.D., Assoc. Umarov K. U, Ph.D., Art. Rev. Burkhonov B.N., Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, teacher ZhalilovM.Kh., Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, teacher Usarov A.A. (at the same time 0.5 rate of senior laboratory course), laboratory assistants M.A. Karaboeva and Mirsaliev 3. In total, the course consisted of 8 employees.
The course "Medical and biological physics, medical technology and new medical technologies" enrolls students of the faculties (1st course) of medical, pediatric, medical pedagogy, medical prevention, medical biology, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Higher Nursing, as well as residents of the 1-year Master's program
Since September 2019, at the department of "Medical and biological physics", the following teachers have been working according to the regular arrangement: Head of the department, Ph.D. Assoc. Sodigov N.O., Ph.D. senior lecturer Burkhonov B.N., Ph.D. assistant Zhalilov M.Kh., assistant Sodigov M.N., assistant Hamroev Zh.Kh., senior lecturer. Khudoyulova Sh.N., teacher Temirov FN, teacher Akhrorov MN, teacher Ergashev A.Zh., Ph.D. teacher A.A. Asarov (part-time) and laboratory assistant Mukhammadieva M.
Since September 2020, at the department of "Medical and biological physics", the following teachers have been working according to the regular arrangement: Head of the department, Ph.D. Assoc. Sodigov N.O., Ph.D. senior lecturer Burkhonov B.N., Ph.D. teacher assistant Zhalilov M.Kh., assistant M.N. Sodikov, assistant Zh.Kh. Hamroev, senior lecturer Khudoyulova Sh.N., Temirov F.N., teacher Akhrorov M.N., teacher Ergashev A.Zh.,Ph.D. teacher A.A. Asarov since October 2, 2020.
On April 28, 2021, No. 9, by the resolution of the Academic Council of the Samarkand State Medical Institute, the name of the department was renamed "Physics, biophysics and medical physics". According to the staffing arrangement, the following teachers are working: Head of the Department. Ph.D. docent Sodikov N.O., Ph.D. senior lecturer Burkhonov B.N., Ph.D., Acting docent Jalilov M.Kh., assistant A.A. Usarov, assistant Sodikov M.N., assistant Hamroev Zh.Kh., senior lecturer Khudoyulova Sh.N., assistant Temirov F.N., assistant Akhrorov M.N., trainee-assistant Ergashev A.Zh., since October 2, 2020 Ph.D., and laboratory assistant M.K. Karabaeva.
From 2021, the head of the department "Physics, Biophysics and Medical Physics" was appointed Ph.D., Associate Professor Sh.U.Urakov. Urakov Shokir Ulashovich was born in 1974 in the village of Taragay, Shahrisabz district, Kashkadarya region. In 1993-1998 he studied at the Faculty of Physics of Samarkand State University.
On April 28, 2018 at the Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad Al-Khwarizmi on the specialty "Algorithms and methods of collegial diagnostic decision making in hybrid intelligent systems" specialty "05.01.02 -" System analysis, management and information processing "(technical sciences)" He defended his dissertation.
Currently, the department has 3 associate professors, 2 candidates of sciences, 1 senior lecturer, 3 assistants and 2 trainee assistants. In particular: the head of the department, Ph.D., associate professor Sh.U.Urakov, associate professor of the department, Ph.D. Sodiqov N.O., acting associate professor of the department, Ph.D. and Khudoikulova Sh.N., assistant of the department f-m.f.n.O’sarov A.A., ass.Temirov F.N., ass.Khamroyev J.X., ass.Akhrorov M.N. Ergashev A.J., intern.ass. Nabiyev A.A., laboratory assistant Karaboevava M.