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Simulation room of pediatrics and neonatology

    Simulation room on the subject of pediatrics is a modern technology of practical training of students and assessment of their knowledge, including the development of practical skills, the development of automatically repeated actions, making adequate decisions, based on modeling clinical and other situations close to real conditions.

    Goals of the simulation center:

    Formation and improvement of practical skillsв required in the activities врача-of a pediatricianа and neonatologist, in accordance with qualified requirements.

Tasks of the simulation room :

  • Formation of skills of palpation,уascultation, percussion of lungs and heart in children and newborns based on simulation technologies;
  • Development of a stable pattern of actions necessary for the successful implementation of measures to savethe life of the affected child;
  • Training in manipulations performed on the child (working out the technique of catheterization of the central veins, umbilical vein, venipuncture, etc. manipulations on the newborn;
  • Training in the skills of caring for children of different ages;
  • Training in diagnostic procedures for children and newborns.

    Required equipment:

  • Multifunctional робот-тренажер CHARLIE robot simulator with a system for monitoring the main vital signs of a one-year-old;
  • Stationary sensory artificial lung ventilationdevice;
  • Babysim™robotsimulator for a six-month-old baby;™;
  • Robotsimulator of a 6-year-old patient pediasim™; 
  • Simulators-mannequins of various ages for practicing the skills of removing a foreign body;
  • On theELTEK – Malysh exercise vehicle for the successful implementation of measures to save the life of an injured child;
  • Dummy-an imitation of a premature newborn baby.
  • As well as mannequins for manipulating general child care, etc.

    The results of working in the simulationм room of the pediatrics clinic will allow you to: 

  • consolidate your theoretical knowledge;
  • reduce the level of psychological stress when performing the first manipulations; 
  • teach manipulations performed on children and newborns (practicing the technique of central vein catheterization, umbilical vein catheterization, venipuncture, and other manipulations on a newborn);
  • develop professionalskillsin the methods of examination of children;
  • develop skills in providing emergency and emergency therapy for children, techniques for conducting closed heart massage and mechanical ventilation;
  • conducting and practicing physical examination of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems;
  • analyze and correct mistakesmade.
  • dast allows an objective assessment of the degree of formation of the necessary skills of a pediatrician. 

    The simulation room consists of 4 zones:

  1. Resuscitation area;
  2. Newborn care area;
  3. Medical and diagnostic area;
  4. Area of propaedeutics in children.

    1. INTENSIVE CARE AREA:

    Practical skills that the student can demonstrate in providing emergency medical care: 

  • indirect heart massage;
  • Mouth-to-mouth mechanical ventilation;
  • Ventilator with an ambulatory bag;
  • tracheal intubation with connection to a ventilator;
  • installation of a nasogastric tube;
  • umbilical catheterization;
  • bladder catheterization (for girls, boys)
  • determination of arterial pulse at seven points;
  • intravenous injections;

    2. NEWBORN CARE AREA:

    Practical skills that the student can demonstrate:

  • eye washing;
  • treatment of nasal passages;
  • toilet of the external ear canal;
  • prevention of diaper rash;
  • navel treatment.

    3. THERAPEUTIC AND DIAGNOSTIC AREA:

    Practical skills that the student can demonstrate:

  • performing peak flowmetry;
  • ECG removal;
  • conducting nebulizer therapy

    4. AREA ON PROPAEDEUTICS IN CHILDREN:

    Practical skills that the student can demonstrate:

  • measurement of growth;
  • measurement of body length;
  • determination of body weight;
  • measurement of head circumference;
  • measurement of chest circumference.

    Thus, the methods of simulation training in pediatrics and neonatology even at the stages of the educational process allow students to get the opportunity to work out practical skills to automatism even before the start of a doctor's practice.