The working curriculum is based on the State Education Standard of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the qualification requirements of the undergraduate education. On the basis of this program, using modern pedagogical technologies in the teaching process, teaching the student to perform basic practical skills from theoretical knowledge and applying the acquired skills in combination with clinical practice through modern medical technologies. makes it possible. The subject of propaedeutics of internal medicine belongs to the 2nd block of clinical sciences, and it is taught in the 2nd and 3rd years (4-5 semesters). Normal anatomy, histology, biochemistry, and physiology serve as a theoretical basis for teaching science. Internal medicine propaedeutics in its way serves as a ground for clinical sciences such as surgery, therapy, cardiology, neurology, obstetrics and gynecology.
Training is conducted according to the following approved documents for each course and faculty:
– Qualifying characteristics;
- State standard;
- Educational working program;
- Educational technologies include:
- Amendments based on Order No. 80 of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
- approved diagnostic standards;
- international recommendations;
- modern educational technologies (graphic organizers, case technology and project method).
Relevance of science
This program is designed on the basis of the State educational standard and the training program of a general practitioner, and is designed to educate students of medical universities in the science of propaedeutics of internal medicine.
Internal medicine propaedeutics teaches symptoms and syndromes of all diseases, diseases and new examination methods used in the diagnosis of diseases of internal organs, making a diagnosis and writing a patient's medical report. The teaching of symptomatology and diagnostics cannot be separated from the teaching of private pathology, that is, there should be no difference between the ways of learning and methods of knowing, on the one hand, and objective knowledge, on the other hand. The fundamentals of symptomatology, diagnosis and specific pathology should be studied in an inseparable relationship. A study of the main therapeutic disorders is an illustration of the clinical significance of symptoms. Students get used to analyzing the history of a specific patient's disease to diagnostic methods. From the first days of working in the clinic, the student should also learn the basics of medical deontology, which is one of the tasks of internal medicine propaedeutics. Knowledge of propaedeutics is necessary to study not only therapy, but also other clinical disciplines. Not only therapists, but also surgeons, gynecologists, neuropathologists and all other clinical specialists must know the symptoms of diseases and basic diagnostic methods, diagnosis methods.
Preparation of a bachelor to become a general practitioner by mastering theoretical, methodological, organizational and practical skills in the field of internal medicine, as well as analyzing the results of clinical, laboratory, functional and instrumental examinations and making a diagnosis learns to put.
In the process of studying the science of internal medicine propaedeutics, it is necessary to form modern concepts of diseases, diagnosis, diagnostic principles, symptoms, mechanisms of syndromes in students, to inculcate the basics of medical etiquette and ethics and deontology into the minds of students.
Through the science of internal medicine propaedeutics, the student learns the causes of the main pathological processes in the body and the mechanisms of their development, the understanding of the main symptoms and syndromes, physical examination, inspection, palpation, palpation, hearing, arterial pressure. measurement, determination of pulse, ECG recording, general analysis of blood, urine, feces, sputum, gastric juice, duodenal product, pleural fluid and their clinical evaluation, resuscitation measures in cases of clinical death, medical they must know the basics of deontology.
Interrelationship of the subject with other subjects in the curriculum and methodological coherence
The subject "Propaedeutics of Internal Diseases" is considered a course included in the block of general professional subjects, and is taught in the 4-5 semesters of the 2-3 course of treatment, professional education faculties.
The science of propaedeutics of internal medicine is included in the group of clinical sciences and it is taught in all undergraduate medical education courses. Internal medicine propaedeutics is a clinical science. To implement this program, clinical and natural-scientific teaching subjects (normal anatomy, normal physiology, general biology and medical genetics, vertical integration with biochemistry and microbiology sciences and pathological anatomy, pathological physiology, general surgery and pharmacology) planned in the student curriculum (horizontal with disciplines) is carried out on the basis of integration.
The role of science in science, economy and production
Internal medicine propaedeutics is one of the important subjects in forming the basis of medical knowledge of a general practitioner.
Conducting scientific research activities aimed at studying the spread and course of internal diseases of UASH, early diagnosis, treatment, preventing the spread of internal diseases among the population and making predictions about the course of diseases in order to apply their professional activities; in treatment and prevention organizations of the healthcare system (therapeutic departments of central district, city, regional, republican hospitals, multidisciplinary central city polyclinics, urgent and emergency medical centers and stations, mother and child protection organizations, sanatoriums spa organizations) it is very important to solve the main tasks of patients' medical problems with extensive use of modern methods of diagnosis and treatment; includes solving complex issues in the field of internal diseases at all levels of the health care system.
Design of modern information and pedagogical technologies and educational activities in teaching science
It is important to use advanced and modern methods of teaching and to implement new information and pedagogical technologies for students to master the science of "Propaedeutics of Internal Diseases". Textbooks, educational and methodical manuals, lecture texts, handouts, electronic materials, case technologies are used in learning the subject. Interactive methods of teaching (visual, problem-based, author's lectures, two-way analysis, cluster, "Venn", Sinkvain, etc.) are used in the lecture and seminar 5 classes.
The teacher of science develops projects of "Propaedeutics of Internal Diseases" science based on the principles of pedagogical technology.
The purpose and task of educational science
The purpose of teaching science. To introduce students to the science of propaedeutics and medical deontology, iatrogeny, clinical examination methods of patients (inquiry, inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation), step-by-step examination of organs and systems, system by system consists of learning the basic laws of syndromes and symptoms, acquiring the skills of laboratory and instrumental examination and interpretation of organs.
The purpose of the science: - The main purpose of the program on ICP is to teach future general practitioners (GPs) how to check the condition of internal organs and how to evaluate the condition of the body, to learn the methodology of teaching the science of internal diseases in medical institutions. teach
Tasks of science:
The task of science is to its students:
- to teach the basic laws of syndrome and symptoms
- teaching to check the condition of organs and systems step by step
- laboratory and instrumental tests and interpretation of their results
- to be able to make diagnostic conclusions based on the results of the examination,
- study questions of nosological forms of internal diseases
- teaching the basic principles of treatment of internal diseases
Bachelor in the process of mastering the subject "Propaedeutics of internal diseases":
- anatomy of internal organs;
- physiology of internal organs;
- duties of internal members;
- to have an idea about the inspection methods of internal members;
- Chest palpation
- Comparative percussion of lungs
- Topographic percussion of lungs
- Lung auscultation
- Heart palpation
- Heart percussion (relative heart rate limits)
- Heart percussion (absolute heart rate limits)
- Heart auscultation
- AQB measurement
- Checking the pulse
- ECG methods
- Normal ECG
- Superficial palpation of the abdominal cavity
- Deep palpation of the abdominal cavity
- Liver palpation
- Liver percussion according to Kurlov
- Kidney palpation
- Palpation of lymph nodes
- Palpation and percussion of the spleen
- Must have analytical skills;
- keeping medical history of patients treated in inpatient conditions
- must have communication skills with patients.
• The library has more than 40 educational literature in English, Uzbek and Russian languages.
• The electronic library includes textbooks, atlases, training manuals, teaching-methodical manuals, etc.
It is organized for students to see patients related to the topic in ultrasound and radiological diagnostic rooms