Kardiorespirator tadqiqotlar jurnali. Maxsus son. 2022
Subject of the article
MODERN VIEWS ON THE ETIOLOGY AND DIAGNOSIS OF CORONARY HEART DISEASE (170-174)
Hadjieva F.D., Batchaev А.A., Ponomareva E.B.
Medical institute, North Caucasus State Academy.
Currently, diseases of the cardiovascular system are widespread among adults in many countries of the world. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common diseases in the world. In the Russian Federation, the incidence of CHD in 2002 was 448.8 per 100 thousand population and increased to 633.0 per 100 thousand by 2011. According to the world Health Organization, 17.5 million people died from CVD in 2019 — 31% of all deaths in the world. Our country is one of the leading countries in terms of the death rate from CHD. CHD is the first disease that leads to disability and mortality of the population. Early identification of risk groups in the population can help improve the quality of life of patients. Information about changeable risk factors allows you to organize preliminary prevention of coronary heart disease. Information about risk factors that cannot be changed allows us to identify groups to improve the monitoring and early prevention of complications of coronary heart disease. The decision on revascularization should be based on significant coronary artery obstruction/stenosis, the size of the associated ischemia, and the expected benefit in terms of improving prognosis and/or symptoms. Revascularization with technical abilities, an acceptable level of risk and a good life expectancy is indicated for chronic angina, refractory to optimal drug therapy. PCI significantly reduces cardiovascular mortality or the development of MI
diseases of the cardiovascular system, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis.
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